Archive for CNS Stimulants

Some Benefits on Usage of Dexmethylphenidate Drug

Type of Drug:

Central nervous system stimulant.

How the Drug Works:

Dexmethylphenidate is thought to block reuptake of norepinephrine and dopamine in the brain, but the exact mechanism of action is not known.


Dexmethylphenidate is indicated for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).


Drug Dependence: Dexmethylphenidate should be given cautiously to patients with a history of drug dependence or alcoholism. Chronic, abusive use can lead to marked tolerance and psychological dependence with varying degrees of abnormal behavior. Psychotic episodes can occur.

Pregnancy: There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Use only if clearly needed and the potential benefits out­weigh the potential hazards to the fetus.

Breastfeeding: It is not known if dexmethylphenidate is excreted in breast milk. Consult your doctor before you begin breastfeeding.

Children: Safety and efficacy in children younger than 6 years of age have not been established.

Drug Interactions:

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or planning to take any over- the-counter or prescription medications or dietary supplements while taking this drug. Doses of one or both drugs may need to be modified or a different drug may need to be prescribed. The following drugs drug classes interact with this drug:

  • Anticonvulsants (eg, phenytoin)
  • Antidepressants (eg, amitriptyline, sertraline)
  • Centrally acting alpha-2 agonists (eg, clonidine)
  • Coumarin anticoagulants (eg, warfarin)
  • Dopamine (eg, Inotrpin)
  • Epinephrine (eg, Adrenalin Chloride)
  • Phenylephrine (eg, Rhinall)

Side Effects:

Every drug is capable of producing side effects. Many patients experience no, or minor, side effects. The frequency and severity of side effects depend on many factors, including dose, duration of therapy, and individual susceptibility. Possible side effects include:

Digestive Tract: Nausea; stomach pain; appetite loss.

Nervous System: Dizziness; drowsiness; sleeplessness; headache; nervousness; Tourette syndrome; involuntary movements; abnormal thinking or hallucinations.

Circulatory System: Irregular heartbeat; pulse increased or decreased; chest pain; pounding in the chest (palpitations); changes in blood pressure.

Other: Fever; weight loss; skin rash; joint pain.

Guidelines for Use:

  • Dosage is individualized. Take exactly as prescribed.
  • Do not take more frequently than prescribed. This drug can be addicting.
  • If a dose is missed, take it as soon as possible. If several hours have passed or it is nearing time for the next dose, do not double the dose to catch up, unless instructed by your doctor. If more than one dose is missed or it is necessary to establish a new dosage schedule, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
  • May be administered with or without food.
  • Tell your doctor if you have ever abused or been dependent on alcohol or drugs, or if you are now abusing or dependent on alcohol or drugs.
  • May cause sleeplessness. Avoid taking these medications late in the day.
  • Notify your doctor if you experience blurred vision.
  • Inform your doctor if you are pregnant, become pregnant, are planning to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.
  • Growth (weight gain and height ) will be monitored by a doctor during therapy. Bb to keep appointments
  • Store at room temperature (59 0 to 86°F).

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