July 23, 2009
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Type of Drug: Hormone; antidiabetic agent. How the Insulin Product Works: Insulin, normally produced in the pancreas gland, is the major hormone that regulates glucose (sugar) use in the body. Without insulin, sugar is trapped in the bloodstream and cannot enter the cells of the body where it can be utilized for energy, so blood…

June 30, 2009
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Read the package inserts of the insulin and understand all aspects of its use . Carefully follow the storage, preparation, and injection techniques taught to you by your doctor or diabetes educator. Participate in a thorough diabetes education program so that you under¬≠stand diabetes and all aspects of its treatment, including diet, exercise, personal hygiene,…

April 16, 2009
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Type of Drug: Oral nonsulfoylurea antidiabetic agent used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (previously referred to as non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus [NIDDM]). How the Metformin Products Works: Metformin reduces the amount of glucose produced by the liver and the amount of glucose absorbed by the intestines, and enhances insulin sensitivity by increasing peripheral…

March 12, 2009
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Type of Drug: Oral antidiabetic agents for use only as an adjunct to diet and exercise in the management of type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus. How the Sulfonylureas Works: The sulfonylurea hypoglycemic agents appear to decrease blood sugar by stimulating the release of insulin from the pancreas. Sulfonylureas may also decrease the amount of sugar…

February 22, 2008
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Type of Drug:Human antidiuretic hormone (ADH). How the Drug Works: A hormone which makes the kidneys reabsorb (retain) water and increases the concentration/activity of certain blood factors necessary for normal blood clotting. Uses: DDA VP: As antidiuretic hormone replacement therapy in the management of central cranial diabetes insipidus and for temporary excessive urination and excessive…

January 1, 2008
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Type of Drug:A blood glucose (sugar) elevating agent. How the Glucagon Products Works: Glucagon is a natural hormone that is released from the pancreas. It elevates blood sugar in a variety of ways (eg, inhibition of glucogen synthesis, enhanced formation of glucose from noncarbohydrates and fat, increased hydrolysis of glucogen to glucose). Uses of The…

December 18, 2007
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Type of Drug:Topical anti-inflammatory, anti-itching agents; anti-inflammatory steroids. How the Corticosteroids, Topical Works: Topical adrenocortical steroids reduce skin inflammation (eg, redness, swelling), itching, and irritation. The exact manner in which the drug works is not fully understood. The effectiveness of the drug depends on many factors, including: The extent of absorption of the drug, the…

November 23, 2007
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Type of Drug:Synthetic hormone closely related to the natural hormone somatostatin (growth hormone inhibitor). How the Octreotide Acetate Works: Octreotide reduces blood levels of a variety of hormones (eg, growth hormone) and chemical messengers (eg, gastrin). Uses of the Octreotide Acetate To reduce the blood levels of growth hormone and IGF-I in patients with acromegaly…

November 17, 2007
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Content in the table above is given per serving of capsule, tablet, or teaspoon (5 milliliters). Products containing the greatest amount of Vitamin B 1 are listed first. Type of Drug: Vitamin combinations. Uses: Dietary supplement Guidelines for Use: Dosage will be individualized. Do not exceed the recommended dose, unless advised to do so by…

September 30, 2007
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Type of Drug: Ovulation stimulant. How the Clomiphene Works: Clomiphene produces a “false signal” that estrogen levels are low. The body responds by increasing the secretion of hormones (eg, gonadotropins) from the pituitary gland. These hormones stimulate the ovaries, causing the ovarian follicle to mature, resulting in ovulation (release of the egg). Clomiphene is not…